This is especially true in London, where some of the wealthiest people in the country owned them in locations such as Belgrave Square and Carlton House Terrace. These townhouses, in the British sense , were the London residences of noble and gentry families who spent most of the year in their country houses.
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These terraced houses, often surrounding a garden square , are hallmarks of Georgian architecture. The same was true of many British and Irish cities. By the early Victorian period , a terrace had come to designate any style of housing where individual houses repeating one design are joined together into rows. The style was used for workers' housing in industrial districts during the rapid urbanisation following the industrial revolution , particularly in the houses built for workers of the expanding textile industry.
The terrace style spread widely across the country, and was the usual form of high-density residential housing up to World War II. A major distinction is between through terraces , whose houses have both a front and a back door, and back-to-backs , which are bricked in on three sides. The Public Health Act imposed a duty on local authorities to regulate housing by the use of byelaws , and subsequently all byelaw terraced housing was required to have its own privy , with rear access to allow the night soil to be collected as per the Rochdale system.
Since the Second World War, housing redevelopment has led to many outdated or dilapidated terraces being cleared to make room for tower blocks , which occupy a much smaller area of land. Because of this land use in the inner city areas could in theory have been used to create greater accessibility, employment or recreational or leisure centres.
However, sub-optimal or flawed implementation has meant that in many areas like Manchester or the London estates the tower blocks offered no real improvement for rehoused residents over their prior terraced houses. In a survey for Heritage Counts a team of experts contrasted a Victorian terrace with a house built after , and found that:. The research demonstrated that, contrary to earlier thinking, older housing actually costs less to maintain and occupy over the long-term life of the dwelling than more modern housing.
Halifax's use of rowhouses, townhouses and terraced housing has been consistent throughout its history, particularly on the Peninsula where the city first began settlement. In the older sections of the city are sections of terraced housing used historically for military families, as part of established families' real estate holdings in addition to a country house, and as dwellings for the working classes of the city and as public housing. The most well-known of the terraced housing areas is The Hydrostone , which was originally built as replacement housing stock for those made homeless after the Halifax Explosion ; individual owners have, however, altered the exteriors of many of the rowhouses over time to accommodate changing family needs.
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More recently, there have been rowhouse developments appearing in diverse areas throughout the city. Montreal has the largest stock of terraced houses in Canada  and they are typical in all areas of the city. As is common in other North American cities, in Montreal row houses are often referred to as townhouses. The streetscape of the city's 19th century neighbourhoods, such as the Plateau , Centre-Sud , and Hochelaga , are dominated by row houses, duplexes and triplexes. Row houses continued to be built throughout the 20th century. Montreal's characteristic row houses and their iconic alleyways, balconies , and outdoor staircases have become cultural symbols of the city, featured in David Fennario's Balconville and Mordecai Richler's The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz.
Terraced homes are popular in Old Toronto. Many of them are constructed in the local Bay-and-gable style. A significant row known as Walnut Hall was demolished in as a result of structural decay. The first terraced houses in the United States were Carstairs Row in Philadelphia , designed by builder and architect Thomas Carstairs  circa through , for developer William Sansom, as part of the first speculative housing developments in the United States. It can be contrasted with Elfreth's Alley , the oldest continuously occupied road in the U.
Terrace housing in American usage generally continued to be called townhouses in the United States.
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Despite the narrow lots, many row houses are relatively large, some being over 2, square feet. They typically have two stories, but may have three or more with the latter often being converted into apartments for separate tenants. A townhouse in the northeast refers to newer constructions of terraced houses, of suburban nature, especially. In much of the Southern United States , they are referred to as row homes. In the United States the term commonly describes a two-story, owner-occupied housing unit that shares a wall with one or more neighboring units.
If you share a ceiling or floor, it is simply referred to as a multi level apartment. In the Midwest and Great Plains and often in Georgia , they are referred to as "townhomes. Most of Baltimore's housing consists of row houses. A few of Baltimore's row houses date back to colonial times.
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The style and materials used in their constructions vary throughout the city. A sizable quantity of Baltimore's row houses are clad with formstone , a distinct feature of Baltimore's row houses, typically found in working class areas of the city. Marble Steps also set Baltimore's row houses distinct from other cities' row houses.
Much like Philadelphia, some areas of the city that contain row houses are neglected. Back Bay is famous for its rows of Victorian brick townhouse homes — considered one of the best-preserved examples of 19th-century urban design in the United States. Beacon Hill is a neighborhood in Boston consisting of Federal-style rowhouses. The South End is built mostly of mid-nineteenth century bowfronts—aesthetically uniform rows of five-story, predominantly red-brick structures, of mixed residential and commercial uses.
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Many are two and three-flat buildings consisting of one or sometimes two apartments on a three-floored building. Most row houses are separated by a gangway that leads under the common wall between the houses leading to the rear of the property where sometimes a rear house or coach house exists and alleyway. The vast majority of two and three flats do not share a common wall and are stand alone structures. However, many row houses similar to those in Philadelphia and Baltimore do exist though not as common largely on the south and west sides. New Orleans has a distinctive style of terrace house in the French Quarter known as the Creole townhouse that is part of what makes the city famous.
Creole Townhouses have a steeply pitched roof, side-gabled, with several roof dormers. The exterior is made of brick or stucco. The row houses of New York City are built with a variety of material, including brownstone , limestone , and brick , and some are wood frame homes. In historic Philadelphia , the rowhouse almost always spelled as one word has been the most common domestic building type in the city and some of its suburbs since colonial times. Society Hill is known to have the largest concentration of original 18th- and early 19th-century residential architecture of any place in the United States.
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The style and type of material used in constructing Philadelphia's rowhouses vary throughout the city. Most are primarily red brick in construction, often with white stone trim. Airy in Northwest Philadelphia. West Philadelphia has many colorful rowhouses in the Italianate and Queen Anne architectural styles. San Francisco is also famous for its terraced houses. Other homes labelled as painted ladies around the city are terraced, and others again are semi-detached.
Several neighborhoods in Washington, D.
As in other American cities, rowhouses in D. All of these neighborhoods are located in the city's Northwest quadrant, in the densely populated area east of Rock Creek Park , except for Capitol Hill and its sub-neighborhoods, which occupy the areas of the Northeast and Southeast quadrants directly east of the United States Capitol Building. Because many D. Scattered row homes and apartment rows can often be found in other eastern and Midwestern U.
The F. Scott Fitzgerald House in St. Paul is likely the most notable example of a row home in the Twin Cities. Columbus, Ohio has scattered row homes, along with smaller Midwest cities like Dubuque , Duluth , and Toledo. Introduced around the beginning of the twentieth century, terraced houses also known as shophouses or linear linkhouses have been adopted in both Malaysia and Singapore since the countries' early British colonial rule.
Based on British terraced home designs, the Southeast Asian variations are similar to their British counterparts in which the living quarters are located on the front and top floor and the kitchen at the back and were adapted to accommodate the area's tropical weather, which is primarily warm throughout the year and receives heavy rainfall.
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Earlier versions were more open, designed to better circulate air and features inner courtyards, with a frontal yard, rear yard, or both. A typical Malaysian and Singaporean terraced house is usually one or two floors high, but a handful of three or four storey terraced homes exist, especially newer terraced houses. Earlier variations followed traditional Western, Malay, India and Chinese architecture, as well as Art Deco and International stylings between the s and s.
The manner in which the buildings were designed varies by their location in an urban area. Derivatives located within city centres may also utilize their space for both commercial on the ground floor and residential use on the first floor and above accurately known as shophouses , also similar to Lingnan buildings. Search Our Properties For Sale. Explore Our 3D Home Tours. Search 's of homes, land and commercial properties. Antigua, Panorama, San Pedro las Huertas, and many more areas.